Stoddard is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,232 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 53.0 square miles (137.3 km), of which 50.9 sq mi (131.8 km) is land and 2.1 sq mi (5.4 km) is water, comprising 4.02% of the town. The western portion of the town is drained by tributaries of the Ashuelot River, which flows to the Connecticut River. The central and eastern portions of town drain to the North Branch of the Contoocook River and eventually to the Merrimack River. Major water bodies in the town include Highland Lake and Island Pond in the northeast and Granite Lake on the southern border.
The Monadnock-Sunapee Greenway passes through the western side of the town (near Center Pond) and continues onward toward the highest point in Stoddard, the summit of Pitcher Mountain (at 2,162 feet (659 m) above sea level).
The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 9 from northeast to southwest, and by New Hampshire Route 123, which passes through the town center, from southeast to northwest.
As of the census of 2000, there were 928 people, 400 households, and 268 families residing in the town. The population density was 18.2 people per square mile (7.0/km²). There were 939 housing units at an average density of 18.5 per square mile (7.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.88% White, 0.32% African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.54% of the population.
There were 400 households out of which 22.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.76.
In the town, the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $37,639, and the median income for a family was $48,125. Males had a median income of $31,343 versus $25,227 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,617. About 5.3% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.