Pelham /ˈpɛləm/ is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 12,897 at the 2010 census, and in 2017 the estimated population was 13,681.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.9 square miles (69.8 km), of which 26.4 square miles (68.3 km) are land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km), or 2.09%, are water. The highest point in Pelham is Jeremy Hill, at 577 feet (176 m) above sea level.
The town contains the southernmost point in the state of New Hampshire, at 42°41′49″N 71°17′40″W / 42.69694°N 71.29444°W / 42.69694; -71.29444, a location known as the “Old Boundary Pine”, named for a pine tree that marked the difference in definition of the northern boundary of Massachusetts. This point is 3 miles (5 km) due north of Pawtucket Falls in Lowell, and marks the point where the straight-line border to the west meets the 3-mile buffer defined by the Merrimack River.
In addition to being New Hampshire’s southernmost town, Pelham is the easternmost town in Hillsborough County.
The earliest census data shows the town of Pelham having a population of 543 residents in 1767.
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,914 people, 3,606 households, and 2,982 families residing in the town. The population density was 412.9 people per square mile (159.4/km²). There were 3,740 housing units at an average density of 141.5 per square mile (54.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was:
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.96% of the population. (U.S. average: 12.5%)
In 2000, there were 3,606 households, with an average household size of 3.03 and an average family size of 3.33.
In 2000, the town’s population had a median age of 36 years (U.S. average: 35.3).
For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $68,608. (U.S. average: $41,994). The median income for a family was $73,365. (U.S. average: $50,046). Males had a median income of $47,685 versus $33,375 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,158. About 1.6% of families (U.S. average: 9.2%) and 3.0% of the population (U.S. average: 12.4%) were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
Pelham New Hampshire neighborhoods include: Blueberry Cir & Leblanc, Garland Woods/ Currier Rd, Gordon Heights, Jeremy Hill, Mammoth Nook, Mammoth Rd-Debbie Dr, Mulberry, Skyview, Southeast Pelham, Willow Marsh, Woodlands